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Does Your Child Need a Lawyer?

January 2020

In some divorce and custody cases, the court will appoint a lawyer for the child. This happens when

  • the court thinks your child needs a lawyer, or
  • you ask for a lawyer for your child and the court agrees.

In some juvenile court cases—such as those involving abuse, neglect, or delinquency—the court will always appoint a lawyer for the child.

    En algunos casos de divorcio y custodia, la corte nombra a un abogado para que represente a su hijo. Esto ocurre cuando

    • la corte cree que su hijo necesita un abogado, o
    • usted pide un abogado para su hijo y la corte está de acuerdo en dárselo.

    En algunos casos de la corte de menores, tales como los relacionados con maltrato, descuido, o delincuencia, la corte siempre nombra a un abogado para que represente al menor.

      Should I ask for a lawyer for my child?

      If you and the other parent agree on custody and visitation, your child probably does not need a lawyer. But you may want to ask for a lawyer for your child if

      • you and the other parent disagree about custody or visitation;
      • you are worried about your child’s safety (if there is substance abuse, child abuse, or domestic violence); or
      • there is a question about paternity.

      What if I ask the court to give my child a lawyer but the court does not agree?

      You have the right to ask for a lawyer for your child, but the court does not have to appoint one. If this happens in your case, you may want to request a referral to the Court Support Services Division (CSSD) for other services. You can ask someone in the Court Service Center (located in most courthouses) how to request a referral to CCSD. Note: CSSD may also be called Family Relations or Family Services.

      How could Family Services help us?

      Family Services has many different services that might be helpful to you. Family Relations Counselors are available when you go to court to help you and your child’s other parent make agreements. They can also provide evaluation services. An evaluation consists of meeting with parents, consulting with people who are involved with the family, and sometimes meeting with the child. The counselor will gather information and make a recommendation to the court. In most cases, the counselor will hold a settlement conference and give recommendations with the goal of reaching an agreement prior to trial.

      What if I do not agree with Family Services’ recommendations?

      You do not have to accept Family Services’ recommendations. You have a right to present your case in court and let the judge decide. There is no guarantee that the judge will agree with you, and you must obey the judge’s decision even if you don’t agree with it.

      Can the court appoint a lawyer for my child even if I don’t want one?

      Yes. The court can appoint a lawyer for the child even if neither parent asks for one. The court can also have Family Services evaluate your case.

      What will my child’s lawyer do?

      The court can appoint a lawyer to act either as your child’s attorney (called an Attorney for the Minor Child or AMC) or as your child's guardian ad litem (GAL).

      If your child is very young, a lawyer may be appointed to be your child’s GAL. The GAL’s job is to tell the court what is best for your child.

      If the child is older, a lawyer may be appointed to be your child’s attorney (AMC) to tell the court

      • what is best for your child, and
      • what your child wants.

      Whether acting as an AMC or as a GAL, your child’s lawyer will tell the court

      • what is best for the child,
      • how the parents can meet the child’s needs, and
      • how to best handle any conflicts.

      How will the lawyer know what is best for my child?

      The lawyer will take steps to get to know the child and to evaluate the child’s situation, including:

      • Meeting with your child to learn about your child’s feelings, wishes, and beliefs. The lawyer may meet with your child once or more often than that. The meetings may be at your home, the other parent’s home, the attorney’s office, the child’s school, or some other appropriate place.
      • Meeting with you, the other parent, and people who know your child such as teachers, social workers, day care providers, and doctors. These meetings help the lawyer to evaluate your child's situation.
      • Looking at any medical records and reports related to your case.
      • Having your child’s physical and mental health evaluated, if necessary.
      • Going to the court hearings for your case.
      • Staying in touch with your child until your case ends.

      Do I have to help the lawyer?

      Yes. You must have your child available to meet when the lawyer asks. And you may be asked to sign legal forms to let the lawyer see your child’s health records, school records, or other information.

      Will the lawyer help me get what I want for my child?

      The lawyer’s job is to tell the court what they think is best for your child--not what is best for either parent. The lawyer is not a social worker or a temporary parent, and their main priority is to ensure that the child’s needs are being met. The lawyer may make some recommendations to help you improve your situation, such as counseling, drug or alcohol rehabilitation, parenting classes, or another service that might be helpful.

      Important: The child's lawyer is not your lawyer. What you say to your child’s lawyer is not private.

      Who will pay for my child’s lawyer?

      You and the other parent must pay for the lawyer. The court will decide how much each parent must pay based on each parent's financial situation. If neither parent is able to pay, the court may order the state to pay the legal fees.

      There is a sliding fee scale in place for attorneys and GALs appointed for the child in family cases. The sliding scale information can be found at http://www.jud.ct.gov/external/news/press387.pdf.

      How will the court know about my financial situation?

      Each parent must fill out and file a Financial Affidavit form, which can be found in your local courthouse or online. The court will use that information to decide who should pay the legal fees. For more information, see the legal aid booklet, A Guide to Financial Affidavits.

      How do I ask for a lawyer for my child?

      If your case is over and the court has made final orders in your case, you can ask for a lawyer for your child anytime you want to change the final orders (for example, if you want to increase visitation or change custody). For more information, see the legal aid booklet, How to Change Your Custody or Visitation Order.

      If your case is still open and the court has not appointed a lawyer for your child, you can ask for one by filling out and filing the following forms:

      You can get the forms online at www.jud.ct.gov, in the court clerk's office, or a Court Service Center (located in most courthouses).

      What should I do with my completed Motion form?

      Once you have completed the Motion form, take it to the court clerk’s office. The clerk will fill in a date and time for your court hearing. Make a copy for yourself.

      In some cases, you will need to have a marshal serve the motion on the other party. You can ask someone in the Clerk’s Office or Court Service Center if a marshal must serve the papers or whether they can be mailed. The other parent must get copies of the papers at least 12 days prior to the court date.

      REMEMBER: Always make a copy of each form you complete and file.

      Will there be a court hearing to decide?

      Yes. The clerk will mail you and the other people in the case a court calendar. The court calendar will tell you the date and time of your court hearing. You must call the court and tell them you are ready to go to court on the date and time of your hearing. If you don’t, your case may be dismissed.

      Going to court

      Don’t be late! Try to arrive about 30 minutes early in order to go through security and find your courtroom.

      • Make sure to bring the completed Financial Affidavit with you to your court hearing. For more information, see the legal aid booklet, A Guide to Financial Affidavits.
      • If you have witnesses, they must arrive early, too. A witness is a person such as the child’s doctor, teacher, or someone else who has seen how the other parent has behaved with the child.
      • You will meet with Family Services before going in front of the judge for your case. Usually just the parties to the case are in the meeting. Witnesses do not participate.
      • Some courthouses have a call of the calendar to make sure that parties are present. Please check with the Clerk’s office to find out if there is a call of the calendar. The call will probably happen before you meet with Family Services unless both parties get to the court early enough to meet before the call.

      Tips for the Court Hearing

      • Tell the truth if you are asked questions. Speak slowly and give complete answers.
      • If you don’t understand the question, say, "I don't understand the question."
      • Be polite to everyone in the courtroom. Do not interrupt, argue, or get upset.
      • When other people are talking, wait for them to finish.
      • Speak only to the judge unless it is your turn to ask questions.

      What will happen at the court hearing?

      • When your name is called, say, “Ready.”
      • You will then stand at one of the tables in the front of the courtroom and follow the judge’s instructions.
      • You will probably have to swear to tell the truth before you present your case.
      • When the judge tells you to speak, say that you want a lawyer appointed to represent your child and explain why you think it is important.
      • The judge will ask you questions. Tell the truth, speak slowly, and give complete answers.
      • Bring a completed Financial Affidavit form with you. The judge will need it to make orders for who will pay the lawyer's fees for the child. You may also ask the judge to order the state to pay the lawyer's fees.
      • You may call witnesses to support what you have said. Both you and the other parent will be able to ask that person questions. Don't get into an argument with witnesses or the other parent.

      When will the judge decide my case?

      The judge often decides cases at the end of the hearing. If this happens in your case, the judge will announce the orders in the courtroom while you are still there. If the judge grants your Motion, it is best to set up an appointment to meet with your child’s lawyer as soon as possible. After this meeting, the lawyer will request a meeting with your child.

      For some cases, the judge may say, “I’ll take the papers.” That means the judge will make decision later and the clerk will mail you a copy of the judge’s orders. If you do not hear from the court in a few days, call the clerk and ask about your case.

      Remember!

      • You can always hire a lawyer for yourself.
      • What you tell your child's lawyer is not confidential.
      • You must help your child's lawyer by making your child available for things like appointments and signing permission forms for medical or school records.

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